Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) In Children: Medication Isn’t The Only Answer
Get to know better the disturbance of childhood and adolescence that affects millions of individuals and can be prolonged in adult life. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder with standard behavior, which is characterized by a persistent deficit of attention that, in turn, does not correspond to the child’s developmental phase and may still be associated, Or not, to hyperactivity and impulsive behaviors. It may appear as early as the first years of life, continuing in many cases to manifest itself in adult life.
Behaviors such as lack of attention to detail, difficulty in keeping attention during tasks or games, not following instructions and not finishing school work and tasks, organizational difficulty and loss of important objects are common manifestations related to attention deficit. With regard to hyperactivity, it is found that children have difficulty sitting still, manifesting excessive physical energy (running, jumping) and have difficulty performing tasks or play calmly, it seems that their energy is inexhaustible.
Impulsiveness can be manifested by the response to questions that have not been completed, difficulty in waiting their turn to respond, interruption of the activities of others. But attention: the child can exhibit some of these behaviors, lower the grades in school or present themselves more excited without having ADHD. A correct diagnosis is very important.
The manifestations are so variable that they can differ in the same child depending on the environment (home versus school, small groups versus large groups, for example), so that children may be able to be attentive in situations that are more pleasant to them (Sports, computer games, television, etc.).
As a consequence of behavioral changes in ADHD, children tend to present learning difficulties, relationships and problems of adequacy in society. So that their emotional balance occurs and academic performance is as good as possible, it must be accompanied by family members, educators, and therapists, especially because negative feelings about children’s behaviors can result in a negative impact on their peers, parents And teachers, with all the consequences that stem from their self-esteem.
Above all, it is important that families accept and understand these children to help them improve. Often, drug intervention is a resource. However, as with any other drug, the occurrence of undesirable effects is always a possibility. Along with taking medication, monitoring a psychologist can be beneficial.
At home it is important that the daily life of children and adolescents is structured to the maximum through the establishment of schedules and routines (waking, lying down, meals, studying, playing, leisure activities) and requiring compliance with simple rules at home and in school. But this does not imply that children should not be praised when they deserve it; on the contrary, in their daily lives they constantly hear deprecia- tions about their behavior.
At the nutritional level, it is known that the brain needs some of the calories ingested to function and some particular nutrients are important for its development, including proteins, essential fatty acids, iron, zinc, copper, iodine, selenium, Vitamin A, choline and folate. In fact, it has been shown that the quality of the child’s diet affects their academic performance.
Also insist on fruits and vegetables for children to acquire healthy eating habits.
Fatty fish like salmon are great sources of omega-3 fatty acids dHa and ePa. Both have been shown to be important for pre and postnatal brain development. There is also evidence that supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids improves children’s cognitive abilities, including those with autism, ADHD, and depression.
Oats are a good source of fiber, vitamins and and b and zinc and help support brain function – include it in your child’s breakfast. Oats help support brain function. Include it with red berries for breakfast, snack or light meal
Due to their antioxidant properties, red berries should be included in the diet of children in order to protect the brain cells.
In order for children to have energy throughout the day and at the same time ability to concentrate and memory, the above mentioned food intake should be encouraged within a balanced diet with eggs and lean meats (source of essential amino acids), rich In complex carbohydrates and not forgetting the fruits and vegetables in abundance.
In the specific case of ADHD in children, supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids (dHa) has shown positive results in reducing symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.
Supplementation with 5-HtP and magnesium may also be useful in some cases.