How to Always Keep Your Hair Healthy and Growing? The Right Shampoo for Every Type of Hair
The hair, in addition to reflecting often our inner health, is an important factor of our image. A HEALTHY HAIR IS SEDUSOUS AND BRIGHT, soft to the touch and has a regular growth. In addition to the aesthetic purpose, hair is important as a thermal insulation because it protects the head from solar radiation. Therefore, it is essential to pay attention to certain signs in order to detect if your hair needs special care.
Hair hygiene should be done regularly with the aid of shampoos with surfactants, mainly composed of ingredients of natural origin/plants that clean and naturally treat the hair and scalp.
Shampoos should not have a high concentration of detergents, synthetic substances and / or chemical ingredients, contain sulphates (SLS) or modify the pH of the scalp.
The composition of the shampoos developed from the twentieth century and, thereafter, began to appear shampoos specific to each type of hair. Currently there are those that use substances of natural origin, such as plant extracts.
Thus, there are shampoos suitable for the needs of each type of hair and scalp.
Good daily hygiene and treatment are key to healthy hair
For a special care of dry hair is advised to use a weekly capillary mask based on shea butter or argan oil, ingredients that give moisture to the hair, leaving it nourished and silky.
- Frequent wash shampoos (for normal hair) – have a low surfactant concentration and are mildly aggressive. Normally they have a pH between 5.5 to 7 to respect the normal pH of the skin. The main ingredients that can be found in this type of shampoo frequently used are: wheat and dairy proteins and essential oils of plant origin (such as lavender, sage, rosemary and thyme).
- Hypoallergenic shampoos (for the sensitive scalp) – do not include perfume in their composition and have no synthetic dyes or preservatives. They must have a neutral pH (pH 7), the normal pH of the skin.
- Anti-dandruff shampoos (for hair with dandruff) – include substances with antiseptic, antifungal and bactericidal properties to combat microorganisms that cause irritation of the epidermis, but should have a washing base that wipes the scalp without harming it. The active ingredients of this type of shampoo are: essential oils of citrus fruits (for example orange, tangerine, grapefruit and lemon), essential oil of melaleuca and extract of plants such as willow, sage, rosemary and lavender.
- Shampoos for oily hair have as main objective to regularize the sebaceous secretion eliminating the excess of sebum and the particles of dirt of the hair and scalp. The pH of this type of shampoo is slightly alkaline (pH 7 to 8). Antisecretory shampoos have a greater ability to eliminate hair fats because they are formulated from amphiphilic surfactants, recognised for their skin and scalp tolerance characteristics, and also reduce sebaceous secretions. The active substances of this type of shampoo are: green clays, vinegar of plants like rosemary, lavender, thyme and sage, essential oil of eucalyptus and melaleuca.
Treating hair from the root is essential to have beautiful and healthy hair
- Shampoos for dry hair compensate for the lack of capillaries by fixing the fatty substances on the hair shaft providing hydration. The shampoo should have a pH of 5 to 6. This type of shampoo contains nutrients, vitamins, amino acids and greasy agents that revitalize the hair fiber, such as: vegetable glycerin, manuka honey, royal jelly, virgin coconut oil, nuts oil such as macadamia, bamboo extract and ginkgo. As a supplement, a softening cream or a nourishing mask should be applied.
A good shampoo should leave the hair loose, with volume, shiny, soft, easy to comb and without static electricity
- Shampoos for thin, volume-free hair have soft surfactants that gently cleanse your hair, purify the scalp, give volume and movement to thin hair. The active principles of these shampoos are: b complex vitamins such as biotin and folic acid, panthenol and plant proteins, which help strengthen thin hair.
- Hair loss shampoos contain vitamins, amino acids and proteins that help strengthen the hair follicle. When hair loss is observed, correction should be made with antiseborreic shampoos. If the fall is seasonal, lotions containing amino acids should be used to regenerate the scalp. Hair fall shampoos and hair regenerators should have pH 4 and active ingredients such as plant extracts such as nettle and burdock.